View research below focused on practices in the art and science of sign or system design.

Arts and Science of Sign Design

Consumer Perceptions of Retail Signage: 100,000 Shoppers Can’t Be Wrong

Digital Print Trends and Technologies in the Sign and Graphics Industry

Digital Wayfinding Trends – Lessons Learned from Museums, Healthcare, and Transit Experiences

Night-time Brightness Level Recommendations for On-Premise Electronic Message Centers (EMCs)

On-Premise Sign Research Review

Retail Signage – Practices to Increase Return on Investment

Retail Wayfinding Best Practices

Typography, Placemaking, and Signs

Urban Wayfinding Planning and Implementation Manual